Creep behavior of sintered nano-silver paste
Simple tension and creep tests of sintered nanoscale silver paste were carried out at different temperatures. The nanoscale silver paste (from NBE Tech, LLC) was printed on alumina substrates, dried at 50°C, 100°C and 180°C, then sintered at 275°C on hot plate for 10 minutes. The sintered nanoscale silver paste sample film was then cut to films with the dimension of 20.0mm x 4.0mm, the thickness of the films ranged from 50µm to 75µm.
The simple tension experiments and creep experiments were carried out for the sintered sample films using the equipment Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA Q800, TA Instruments). Simple tension tests and constant stress creep tests were performed in air at temperatures between 25°C and 250°C.
The simple stress-strain curves at different temperatures reveal the mechanical behavior of sintered nanoscale silver paste is dependent a lot on temperature. Young's modulus and ultimate stress drops while the temperature increases, and the ultimate strain increases with temperature (as shown in Fig.1 and Table 1). Compared to those properties in room temperature, the Young's modulus and ultimate stress decrease about 80% and 70% respectively at 200°C. And the ultimate strain at 200°C increases approximately 200% comparing to that in room temperature.
From the data of creep tests as shown in Table 2, it is found that the creep behavior of sintered nanoscale silver paste is similar to that of conventional solders. Under a constant tensile stress, the steady-state strain rate and rupture strain generally increase with temperature, while the rupture time decreases when temperature increasing. The activation energy of creep for the sintered nanoscale silver pastes is also estimated as 70KJ/mol, which is higher than solders (about 40-50KJ/mol). The creep testing result indicates that the sintered silver paste has higher creep resistance than conventional solders.